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Geographical Indication FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions on Geographical Indications

A geographical indication is a sign indicating a product that has become associated with a locality, area, region, or country where it originates due to an apparent characteristic, its reputation, or other features. Geographical indications shall be registered as an appellation of origin or designation of origin according to the features set out below:

a) The names that identify products, which originate from a locality, region, or in exceptional cases a country with designated geographical boundaries; that derive their all or principal characteristics from the natural or human factors exclusively attributed to this geographical area where their production, processing and all other operations take place, are appellation of origin.

b) The names identifying products, which originate from a locality, region, or in exceptional cases a country with designated geographical boundaries; that is associated with this region due to an apparent characteristic, its reputation, or other features; where at least one of the steps from production, processing or other operations take place within the boundaries of the designated geographical area, are the designation of origin.

Names that are traditionally used to designate products that fulfill the conditions stated in the first paragraph of this Article, which is used in daily language and does not contain a geographical name may also be considered as an appellation of origin or designation of origin even if those names do not include a geographical name.

Names that are not considered as an appellation of origin or designation of origin but are proven to have been traditionally used in the relevant market for at least thirty years to describe the product and fulfill at least one of the following conditions, shall be identified as traditional specialty guaranteed:

a) Originating from the traditional method of production or processing or traditional composition.

b) Produced with traditional raw material or ingredients.